Disease Information

Cervical cancer

Cervical Cancer Screening

Cervical cancer screening tests (e.g., the Papanicolaou (Pap) Test, HPV DNA, Thin-prep) find cervical changes before cancer develops. Learn more about the potential benefits and harms of these tests in this expert-reviewed summary.

Cervical Cancer Prevention

Cervical cancer prevention is possible by using Pap tests, tests to detect human papillomavirus (HPV), and HPV vaccination. Learn more about how to prevent cervical cancer in this expert-reviewed summary.

Cervical Cancer Treatment

Cervical cancer treatment options can include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and/or targeted therapy. Learn more about the diagnosis and treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent cervical cancer in this expert-reviewed summary.

Gestational trophoblastic tumor

Gestational Trophoblastic Disease Treatment

Gestational trophoblastic disease treatment depends on the specific type and risk category, and may include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation. Learn more about the diagnosis and treatments for newly diagnosed and recurrent disease in this expert-reviewed summary.

Ovarian germ cell tumor

Treatment of Ovarian Germ Cell Tumors

Surgery is the most common treatment of ovarian germ cell tumor. Types of surgery include hysterectomy and removal of one or both ovaries and fallopian tubes (bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy). Treatment may also include chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Learn about treatment options for ovarian germ cell tumors.

ovarian neoplasm

uterine corpus cancer

Urethral cancer

Urethral Cancer Treatment

Urethral cancer occurs in men and women and can spread quickly to lymph nodes near the urethra. Find out about risk factors, symptoms, tests to diagnose, prognosis, staging, and treatment for urethral cancer.

Vaginal cancer

Vaginal Cancer Treatment

Vaginal cancer treatment options include various surgical procedures, topical chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Learn more about the treatment options for newly diagnosed and recurrent vaginal cancer in this expert-reviewed summary.

Vulvar cancer

Vulvar Cancer Treatment

Vulvar cancer treatment options include various surgical procedures, topical therapy, radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy. Learn more about the treatment options for newly diagnosed and recurrent vulvar cancer in this expert-reviewed summary.