Disease Information

Cervical Cancer

Cervical Cancer Screening

Cervical cancer screening tests (e.g., the Papanicolaou (Pap) Test, HPV DNA, Thin-prep) find cervical changes before cancer develops. Learn more about the potential benefits and harms of these tests in this expert-reviewed summary.

Cervical Cancer Prevention

Cervical cancer prevention is possible by using Pap tests, tests to detect human papillomavirus (HPV), and HPV vaccination. Learn more about how to prevent cervical cancer in this expert-reviewed summary.

Cervical Cancer Treatment

Cervical cancer treatment options can include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and/or targeted therapy. Learn more about the diagnosis and treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent cervical cancer in this expert-reviewed summary.

Gestational Trophoblastic Tumor

Gestational Trophoblastic Disease Treatment

Gestational trophoblastic disease treatment depends on the specific type and risk category, and may include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation. Learn more about the diagnosis and treatments for newly diagnosed and recurrent disease in this expert-reviewed summary.

Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor

Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood extracranial germ cell tumors treatment options include surgery, observation, and chemotherapy. Learn more about newly diagnosed and recurrent extracranial germ cell tumors in this expert-reviewed summary.

Treatment of Ovarian Germ Cell Tumors

Surgery is the most common treatment of ovarian germ cell tumor. Types of surgery include hysterectomy and removal of one or both ovaries and fallopian tubes (bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy). Treatment may also include chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Learn about treatment options for ovarian germ cell tumors.

Ovarian Neoplasm

Screening for Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, & Primary Peritoneal Cancer

Ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer screening has not been shown to reduce the chance of dying from these cancers. Not all screening tests are helpful, and many have risks. Learn more the potential benefits and harms of screening in this expert-reviewed summary.

Prevention of Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, & Primary Peritoneal Cancer

Ovarian, fallopian tube, and primary peritoneal cancer prevention includes reducing known risk factors and increasing protective factors. Some risk factors can be avoided, others cannot. Learn more about preventing these cancers in this expert-reviewed summary.

Treatment of Ovarian Epithelial, Fallopian Tube, & Primary Peritoneal Cancer

Treatment of ovarian epithelial, fallopian tube, and primary peritoneal cancers depend on the stage. Most patients have surgery to remove as much of the tumor as possible. Learn about the different types of surgery, including hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and other ovarian cancer treatment options.

Uterine Corpus Cancer

Uterine Sarcoma Treatment

Uterine sarcoma treatment is primarily surgery, with or without radiation or chemotherapy. Learn more about the treatments for newly diagnosed uterine or recurrent sarcoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Endometrial Cancer Prevention

Endometrial cancer prevention strategies include avoiding risk factors when possible and increasing protective factors that may help prevent cancer. Learn more about known risk and protective factors and approaches to prevent endometrial cancer in this expert-reviewed summary.

Endometrial Cancer Screening

Endometrial cancer screening is currently not recommended because no standard or routine screening test has been shown to be effective. Endometrial cancer is usually found early due to symptoms and survival rates are high. Learn more in this expert-reviewed summary.

Endometrial Cancer Treatment

Endometrial cancer treatment often only requires surgery, but sometimes radiation, chemotherapy, and hormonal therapy may be needed. Learn more about the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment for newly diagnosed and recurrent endometrial cancer in this expert-reviewed summary.

Urethral Cancer

Urethral Cancer Treatment

Urethral cancer occurs in men and women and can spread quickly to lymph nodes near the urethra. Find out about risk factors, symptoms, tests to diagnose, prognosis, staging, and treatment for urethral cancer.

Vaginal Cancer

Vaginal Cancer Treatment

Vaginal cancer treatment options include various surgical procedures, topical chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Learn more about the treatment options for newly diagnosed and recurrent vaginal cancer in this expert-reviewed summary.

Vulvar Cancer

Vulvar Cancer Treatment

Vulvar cancer treatment options include various surgical procedures, topical therapy, radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy. Learn more about the treatment options for newly diagnosed and recurrent vulvar cancer in this expert-reviewed summary.