Disease Information

Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (all), Child

Childhood ALL Treatment

Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a type of blood cancer that affects lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell). Get detailed information about newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood ALL including risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment in this expert-reviewed summary.

Acute Myeloid Leukemia (aml), Child

Childhood AML Treatment

Childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML), juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML), acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and other myeloid malignancies (transient abnormal myelopoiesis and myelodysplastic syndromes) are diseases of the bone marrow. Get information about the symptoms, diagnosis, classification, prognosis, and treatment of these diseases in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood AML Treatment

Childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML), juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML), acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and other myeloid malignancies (transient abnormal myelopoiesis and myelodysplastic syndromes) are diseases of the bone marrow. Get information about the symptoms, diagnosis, classification, prognosis, and treatment of these diseases in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood AML Treatment

Childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML), juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML), acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and other myeloid malignancies (transient abnormal myelopoiesis and myelodysplastic syndromes) are diseases of the bone marrow. Get information about the symptoms, diagnosis, classification, prognosis, and treatment of these diseases in this expert-reviewed summary.

Brain Tumor, Child: Other

Childhood Brain & Spinal Cord Tumors Treatment

Brain and spinal cord tumors may be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer). Both types cause signs or symptoms and need treatment. Get information about the many kinds of brain and spinal cord tumors, signs and symptoms, tests to diagnose, and treatment in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Embryonal Tumors Treatment

Childhood embryonal tumors (medulloblastoma and nonmedulloblastoma) of the brain and spinal cord are treated with surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Get information about symptoms, tests to diagnose, prognosis, and treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood embryonal tumors, in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Embryonal Tumors Treatment

Childhood embryonal tumors (medulloblastoma and nonmedulloblastoma) of the brain and spinal cord are treated with surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Get information about symptoms, tests to diagnose, prognosis, and treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood embryonal tumors, in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Embryonal Tumors Treatment

Childhood embryonal tumors (medulloblastoma and nonmedulloblastoma) of the brain and spinal cord are treated with surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Get information about symptoms, tests to diagnose, prognosis, and treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood embryonal tumors, in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Embryonal Tumors Treatment

Childhood embryonal tumors (medulloblastoma and nonmedulloblastoma) of the brain and spinal cord are treated with surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Get information about symptoms, tests to diagnose, prognosis, and treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood embryonal tumors, in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Craniopharyngioma Treatment

Childhood craniopharyngiomas are benign (not cancer) brain tumors found near the pituitary gland. Learn about the signs, tests to diagnose, and treatment (surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy) of pediatric craniopharyngioma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Astrocytoma Treatment

Childhood astrocytomas can be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer). Learn more about the types of astrocytoma, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of astrocytomas that are newly diagnosed or have come back after treatment in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Brain Stem Glioma Treatment

Childhood brain stem glioma can be a benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer) condition where abnormal cells form in the tissues of the brain stem. Get information about the symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood brain stem glioma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Ependymoma Treatment

Childhood ependymoma is often treated with surgery, radiation therapy, and/or chemotherapy. Get information about the types of ependymoma, symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood ependymomas in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Craniopharyngioma Treatment

Childhood craniopharyngiomas are benign (not cancer) brain tumors found near the pituitary gland. Learn about the signs, tests to diagnose, and treatment (surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy) of pediatric craniopharyngioma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Astrocytoma Treatment

Childhood astrocytomas can be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer). Learn more about the types of astrocytoma, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of astrocytomas that are newly diagnosed or have come back after treatment in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS AT/RT Treatment

Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) is a fast-growing tumor of the brain or spinal cord. Treatment may include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Get information about the symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Brain Stem Glioma Treatment

Childhood brain stem glioma can be a benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer) condition where abnormal cells form in the tissues of the brain stem. Get information about the symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood brain stem glioma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Ependymoma Treatment

Childhood ependymoma is often treated with surgery, radiation therapy, and/or chemotherapy. Get information about the types of ependymoma, symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood ependymomas in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors form from germ cells (a type of cell that forms as a fetus develops and later becomes sperm in the testicles or eggs in the ovaries). Learn about the signs, tests to diagnose, and treatment of pediatric germ cell tumors in the brain in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Atypical Teratoid/rhabdoid Tumor

Childhood CNS AT/RT Treatment

Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) is a fast-growing tumor of the brain or spinal cord. Treatment may include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Get information about the symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Germ Cell Tumor

Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood extracranial germ cell tumors (GCTs) form outside of the brain. They are grouped as mature teratomas, immature teratomas, or malignant germ cell tumors (seminoma, dysgerminoma, germinoma, yolk sac tumor, choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma, mixed GCT). Get information about the symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent extracranial germ cell tumors in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood extracranial germ cell tumors (GCTs) form outside of the brain. They are grouped as mature teratomas, immature teratomas, or malignant germ cell tumors (seminoma, dysgerminoma, germinoma, yolk sac tumor, choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma, mixed GCT). Get information about the symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent extracranial germ cell tumors in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood extracranial germ cell tumors (GCTs) form outside of the brain. They are grouped as mature teratomas, immature teratomas, or malignant germ cell tumors (seminoma, dysgerminoma, germinoma, yolk sac tumor, choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma, mixed GCT). Get information about the symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent extracranial germ cell tumors in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood extracranial germ cell tumors (GCTs) form outside of the brain. They are grouped as mature teratomas, immature teratomas, or malignant germ cell tumors (seminoma, dysgerminoma, germinoma, yolk sac tumor, choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma, mixed GCT). Get information about the symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent extracranial germ cell tumors in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors form from germ cells (a type of cell that forms as a fetus develops and later becomes sperm in the testicles or eggs in the ovaries). Learn about the signs, tests to diagnose, and treatment of pediatric germ cell tumors in the brain in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors form from germ cells (a type of cell that forms as a fetus develops and later becomes sperm in the testicles or eggs in the ovaries). Learn about the signs, tests to diagnose, and treatment of pediatric germ cell tumors in the brain in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors form from germ cells (a type of cell that forms as a fetus develops and later becomes sperm in the testicles or eggs in the ovaries). Learn about the signs, tests to diagnose, and treatment of pediatric germ cell tumors in the brain in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors form from germ cells (a type of cell that forms as a fetus develops and later becomes sperm in the testicles or eggs in the ovaries). Learn about the signs, tests to diagnose, and treatment of pediatric germ cell tumors in the brain in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors form from germ cells (a type of cell that forms as a fetus develops and later becomes sperm in the testicles or eggs in the ovaries). Learn about the signs, tests to diagnose, and treatment of pediatric germ cell tumors in the brain in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors form from germ cells (a type of cell that forms as a fetus develops and later becomes sperm in the testicles or eggs in the ovaries). Learn about the signs, tests to diagnose, and treatment of pediatric germ cell tumors in the brain in this expert-reviewed summary.

Ewing Sarcoma/pnet

Ewing Sarcoma Treatment

Ewing sarcoma is a tumor that usually forms in bone, but may form in soft tissue. The prognosis depends on many factors, including where the tumor formed or spread in the body, the tumor’s size, and the child’s age. Get information about the symptoms, tests to diagnose, and treatment of Ewing sarcoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Ewing Sarcoma Treatment

Ewing sarcoma is a tumor that usually forms in bone, but may form in soft tissue. The prognosis depends on many factors, including where the tumor formed or spread in the body, the tumor’s size, and the child’s age. Get information about the symptoms, tests to diagnose, and treatment of Ewing sarcoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Eye Cancer, Retinoblastoma

Retinoblastoma Treatment

Retinoblastoma is a cancer that forms in the retina (part of the eye). Sometimes, retinoblastoma is inherited. Patients and their family members may be checked for the disease with eye exams and need genetic counseling. Get information about the symptoms, tests to diagnose, prognosis, and treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent retinoblastoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Hodgkin Lymphoma, Child

Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment

Childhood Hodgkin lymphoma is usually treated with chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. Get information about the symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, staging, and treatment of classical or nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment

Childhood Hodgkin lymphoma is usually treated with chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. Get information about the symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, staging, and treatment of classical or nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis

Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis Treatment

Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH) is a type of cancer in which too many Langerhans cells (a type of white blood cell) grow in certain tissues and organs. It can affect one or more parts of the body, such as the liver, spleen, bone marrow, skin, bone, lung, and lymph nodes. Get information about LCH in adults and children, including symptoms, tests to diagnose, prognosis, and treatment in this expert-reviewed summary.

Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis Treatment

Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH) is a type of cancer in which too many Langerhans cells (a type of white blood cell) grow in certain tissues and organs. It can affect one or more parts of the body, such as the liver, spleen, bone marrow, skin, bone, lung, and lymph nodes. Get information about LCH in adults and children, including symptoms, tests to diagnose, prognosis, and treatment in this expert-reviewed summary.

Liver Cancer, Child Primary

Childhood Liver Cancer Treatment

Treatment for pediatric liver cancer depends on many factors, including the type of cancer and whether it has spread. When possible, liver cancer is removed by surgery. Learn about the types of treatment options for childhood liver cancers.

Childhood Liver Cancer Treatment

Treatment for pediatric liver cancer depends on many factors, including the type of cancer and whether it has spread. When possible, liver cancer is removed by surgery. Learn about the types of treatment options for childhood liver cancers.

Childhood Liver Cancer Treatment

Treatment for pediatric liver cancer depends on many factors, including the type of cancer and whether it has spread. When possible, liver cancer is removed by surgery. Learn about the types of treatment options for childhood liver cancers.

Long-term Effects Of Cancer Treatment

Late Effects of Childhood Cancer Treatment

The treatment of cancer may cause health problems (late effects) for childhood cancer survivors months or years after successful treatment has ended. Get information about the long-term physical, psychological and social effects of treatment for childhood cancer in this expert-reviewed summary.

Lymphoma, Non-hodgkin Lymphoma, Child

Childhood NHL Treatment

Childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma has different types including Burkitt, diffuse large B-cell, primary mediastinal B-cell, lymphoblastic, and anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Get information about the risk factors, symptoms, tests to diagnose, staging, and treatment of all types of newly diagnosed and recurrent NHL and lymphoproliferative disease in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood NHL Treatment

Childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma has different types including Burkitt, diffuse large B-cell, primary mediastinal B-cell, lymphoblastic, and anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Get information about the risk factors, symptoms, tests to diagnose, staging, and treatment of all types of newly diagnosed and recurrent NHL and lymphoproliferative disease in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood NHL Treatment

Childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma has different types including Burkitt, diffuse large B-cell, primary mediastinal B-cell, lymphoblastic, and anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Get information about the risk factors, symptoms, tests to diagnose, staging, and treatment of all types of newly diagnosed and recurrent NHL and lymphoproliferative disease in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood NHL Treatment

Childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma has different types including Burkitt, diffuse large B-cell, primary mediastinal B-cell, lymphoblastic, and anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Get information about the risk factors, symptoms, tests to diagnose, staging, and treatment of all types of newly diagnosed and recurrent NHL and lymphoproliferative disease in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood NHL Treatment

Childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma has different types including Burkitt, diffuse large B-cell, primary mediastinal B-cell, lymphoblastic, and anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Get information about the risk factors, symptoms, tests to diagnose, staging, and treatment of all types of newly diagnosed and recurrent NHL and lymphoproliferative disease in this expert-reviewed summary.

Neuroblastoma

Neuroblastoma Treatment

Neuroblastoma is a type of cancer that forms in immature nerve tissue (called neuroblasts) in the adrenal glands, neck, chest, or spinal cord. Get information about newly diagnosed and recurrent neuroblastoma including symptoms, tests to diagnose, prognosis and treatment in this expert-reviewed summary.

Neuroblastoma Screening

Expert-reviewed information summary about tests used to detect or screen for neuroblastoma.

Rhabdomyosarcoma, Child

Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma Treatment

Treatment of children with rhabdomyosarcoma often includes chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery. Learn about the signs, tests to diagnose, survival, treatment, and clinical trials for children with rhabdomyosarcoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Child

Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma Treatment

Soft tissue sarcoma is formed from the soft tissues of the body, such as fat, cartilage, connective tissue, muscle, and blood vessels. Get information about the risk factors, symptoms, tests to diagnose, and treatment of many different types of newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood soft tissue sarcoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma Treatment

Soft tissue sarcoma is formed from the soft tissues of the body, such as fat, cartilage, connective tissue, muscle, and blood vessels. Get information about the risk factors, symptoms, tests to diagnose, and treatment of many different types of newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood soft tissue sarcoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma Treatment

Soft tissue sarcoma is formed from the soft tissues of the body, such as fat, cartilage, connective tissue, muscle, and blood vessels. Get information about the risk factors, symptoms, tests to diagnose, and treatment of many different types of newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood soft tissue sarcoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Vascular Tumors Treatment

Childhood vascular tumors form from cells that make blood vessels or lymph vessels. They can be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer). Get information about the symptoms, tests to diagnose, prognosis, and treatment of the most common type of vascular tumor, infantile hemangioma, and other vascular tumors in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma Treatment

Soft tissue sarcoma is formed from the soft tissues of the body, such as fat, cartilage, connective tissue, muscle, and blood vessels. Get information about the risk factors, symptoms, tests to diagnose, and treatment of many different types of newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood soft tissue sarcoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma Treatment

Soft tissue sarcoma is formed from the soft tissues of the body, such as fat, cartilage, connective tissue, muscle, and blood vessels. Get information about the risk factors, symptoms, tests to diagnose, and treatment of many different types of newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood soft tissue sarcoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma Treatment

Soft tissue sarcoma is formed from the soft tissues of the body, such as fat, cartilage, connective tissue, muscle, and blood vessels. Get information about the risk factors, symptoms, tests to diagnose, and treatment of many different types of newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood soft tissue sarcoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma Treatment

Soft tissue sarcoma is formed from the soft tissues of the body, such as fat, cartilage, connective tissue, muscle, and blood vessels. Get information about the risk factors, symptoms, tests to diagnose, and treatment of many different types of newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood soft tissue sarcoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma Treatment

Soft tissue sarcoma is formed from the soft tissues of the body, such as fat, cartilage, connective tissue, muscle, and blood vessels. Get information about the risk factors, symptoms, tests to diagnose, and treatment of many different types of newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood soft tissue sarcoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma Treatment

Soft tissue sarcoma is formed from the soft tissues of the body, such as fat, cartilage, connective tissue, muscle, and blood vessels. Get information about the risk factors, symptoms, tests to diagnose, and treatment of many different types of newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood soft tissue sarcoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma Treatment

Soft tissue sarcoma is formed from the soft tissues of the body, such as fat, cartilage, connective tissue, muscle, and blood vessels. Get information about the risk factors, symptoms, tests to diagnose, and treatment of many different types of newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood soft tissue sarcoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Vascular Tumors Treatment

Childhood vascular tumors form from cells that make blood vessels or lymph vessels. They can be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer). Get information about the symptoms, tests to diagnose, prognosis, and treatment of the most common type of vascular tumor, infantile hemangioma, and other vascular tumors in this expert-reviewed summary.

Wilms Tumor

Wilms & Other Childhood Kidney Tumors Treatment

Wilms tumors is the most common type of childhood kidney tumor. Other types include renal cell carcinoma and nephroblastomatosis. Get information about the symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment for these newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood kidney tumors in this expert-reviewed summary.