Disease Information

Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (all), Child

Childhood ALL Treatment

Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treatment is usually chemotherapy given in phases and determined by risk group. Radiation therapy, targeted therapy and stem cell transplant are sometimes used. Learn more about newly diagnosed and recurrent ALL in this expert reviewed summary.

Acute Myeloid Leukemia (aml), Child

Childhood AML Treatment

Childhood acute myeloid leukemia and other myeloid malignancies treatment may include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, stem cell transplant, and targeted therapy. Learn more about AML and myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative diseases in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood AML Treatment

Childhood acute myeloid leukemia and other myeloid malignancies treatment may include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, stem cell transplant, and targeted therapy. Learn more about AML and myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative diseases in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood AML Treatment

Childhood acute myeloid leukemia and other myeloid malignancies treatment may include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, stem cell transplant, and targeted therapy. Learn more about AML and myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative diseases in this expert-reviewed summary.

Brain Tumor, Child: Other

Childhood Brain & Spinal Cord Tumors Treatment

Brain and spinal cord tumors may be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer). Both types cause signs or symptoms and need treatment. Get information about the many kinds of brain and spinal cord tumors, signs and symptoms, tests to diagnose, and treatment in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Embryonal Tumors Treatment

Childhood central nervous system embryonal tumors and pineal tumors are treated with surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell rescue and targeted therapy. Learn more in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Embryonal Tumors Treatment

Childhood central nervous system embryonal tumors and pineal tumors are treated with surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell rescue and targeted therapy. Learn more in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Embryonal Tumors Treatment

Childhood central nervous system embryonal tumors and pineal tumors are treated with surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell rescue and targeted therapy. Learn more in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Embryonal Tumors Treatment

Childhood central nervous system embryonal tumors and pineal tumors are treated with surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell rescue and targeted therapy. Learn more in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Craniopharyngioma Treatment

Childhood craniopharyngiomas are benign (not cancer) brain tumors found near the pituitary gland. Learn about the signs, tests to diagnose, and treatment (surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy) of pediatric craniopharyngioma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Astrocytoma Treatment

Childhood astrocytoma treatment options include surgery, observation, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplant, and targeted therapy. Learn more about the treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent astrocytoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Brain Stem Glioma Treatment

Childhood brain stem glioma treatment options can include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, cerebral spinal fluid diversion, observation, and targeted therapy. Learn more about newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood brain stem glioma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Ependymoma Treatment

Childhood ependymoma is often treated with surgery, radiation therapy, and/or chemotherapy. Learn more about the types of, symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood ependymomas in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Craniopharyngioma Treatment

Childhood craniopharyngiomas are benign (not cancer) brain tumors found near the pituitary gland. Learn about the signs, tests to diagnose, and treatment (surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy) of pediatric craniopharyngioma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Astrocytoma Treatment

Childhood astrocytoma treatment options include surgery, observation, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplant, and targeted therapy. Learn more about the treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent astrocytoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS AT/RT Treatment

Childhood central nervous system atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor treatment may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell rescue. Learn more about newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood AT/RT in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Brain Stem Glioma Treatment

Childhood brain stem glioma treatment options can include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, cerebral spinal fluid diversion, observation, and targeted therapy. Learn more about newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood brain stem glioma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Ependymoma Treatment

Childhood ependymoma is often treated with surgery, radiation therapy, and/or chemotherapy. Learn more about the types of, symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood ependymomas in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors form from germ cells (a type of cell that forms as a fetus develops and later becomes sperm in the testicles or eggs in the ovaries). Learn about the signs, tests to diagnose, and treatment of pediatric germ cell tumors in the brain in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Atypical Teratoid/rhabdoid Tumor

Childhood CNS AT/RT Treatment

Childhood central nervous system atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor treatment may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell rescue. Learn more about newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood AT/RT in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Germ Cell Tumor

Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood extracranial germ cell tumors treatment options include surgery, observation, and chemotherapy. Learn more about newly diagnosed and recurrent extracranial germ cell tumors in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood extracranial germ cell tumors treatment options include surgery, observation, and chemotherapy. Learn more about newly diagnosed and recurrent extracranial germ cell tumors in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood extracranial germ cell tumors treatment options include surgery, observation, and chemotherapy. Learn more about newly diagnosed and recurrent extracranial germ cell tumors in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood extracranial germ cell tumors treatment options include surgery, observation, and chemotherapy. Learn more about newly diagnosed and recurrent extracranial germ cell tumors in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors form from germ cells (a type of cell that forms as a fetus develops and later becomes sperm in the testicles or eggs in the ovaries). Learn about the signs, tests to diagnose, and treatment of pediatric germ cell tumors in the brain in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors form from germ cells (a type of cell that forms as a fetus develops and later becomes sperm in the testicles or eggs in the ovaries). Learn about the signs, tests to diagnose, and treatment of pediatric germ cell tumors in the brain in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors form from germ cells (a type of cell that forms as a fetus develops and later becomes sperm in the testicles or eggs in the ovaries). Learn about the signs, tests to diagnose, and treatment of pediatric germ cell tumors in the brain in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors form from germ cells (a type of cell that forms as a fetus develops and later becomes sperm in the testicles or eggs in the ovaries). Learn about the signs, tests to diagnose, and treatment of pediatric germ cell tumors in the brain in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors form from germ cells (a type of cell that forms as a fetus develops and later becomes sperm in the testicles or eggs in the ovaries). Learn about the signs, tests to diagnose, and treatment of pediatric germ cell tumors in the brain in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors form from germ cells (a type of cell that forms as a fetus develops and later becomes sperm in the testicles or eggs in the ovaries). Learn about the signs, tests to diagnose, and treatment of pediatric germ cell tumors in the brain in this expert-reviewed summary.

Ewing Sarcoma/pnet

Ewing Sarcoma Treatment

Ewing sarcoma treatment usually begins with chemotherapy and/or radiation followed by surgery to remove any remaining cancer. Treatment options for recurrent sarcoma include targeted therapy and high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplant. Learn more in this expert-reviewed summary.

Ewing Sarcoma Treatment

Ewing sarcoma treatment usually begins with chemotherapy and/or radiation followed by surgery to remove any remaining cancer. Treatment options for recurrent sarcoma include targeted therapy and high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplant. Learn more in this expert-reviewed summary.

Eye Cancer, Retinoblastoma

Retinoblastoma Treatment

Retinoblastoma treatment may include cryosurgery, laser therapy (thermotherapy), chemotherapy, radiation therapy, high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell rescue, and sometimes surgery. Learn more about newly diagnosed and recurrent retinoblastoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Hodgkin Lymphoma, Child

Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment

Childhood Hodgkin lymphoma (classical or nodular lymphocyte-predominant HL) treatment usually involves chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. Learn more about the symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, staging, and treatment of in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment

Childhood Hodgkin lymphoma (classical or nodular lymphocyte-predominant HL) treatment usually involves chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. Learn more about the symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, staging, and treatment of in this expert-reviewed summary.

Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis

Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis Treatment

Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH) treatment depends on where it is found in the body and whether the LCH is low or high risk. Treatment can include chemotherapy, surgery, radiation therapy, photodynamic therapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy. Learn more in this expert-reviewed summary.

Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis Treatment

Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH) treatment depends on where it is found in the body and whether the LCH is low or high risk. Treatment can include chemotherapy, surgery, radiation therapy, photodynamic therapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy. Learn more in this expert-reviewed summary.

Liver Cancer, Child Primary

Childhood Liver Cancer Treatment

Treatment for pediatric liver cancer depends on many factors, including the type of cancer and whether it has spread. When possible, liver cancer is removed by surgery. Learn about the types of treatment options for childhood liver cancers.

Childhood Liver Cancer Treatment

Treatment for pediatric liver cancer depends on many factors, including the type of cancer and whether it has spread. When possible, liver cancer is removed by surgery. Learn about the types of treatment options for childhood liver cancers.

Childhood Liver Cancer Treatment

Treatment for pediatric liver cancer depends on many factors, including the type of cancer and whether it has spread. When possible, liver cancer is removed by surgery. Learn about the types of treatment options for childhood liver cancers.

Long-term Effects Of Cancer Treatment

Late Effects of Childhood Cancer Treatment

The treatment of cancer may cause health problems (late effects) for childhood cancer survivors months or years after successful treatment has ended. Get information about the long-term physical, psychological and social effects of treatment for childhood cancer in this expert-reviewed summary.

Lymphoma, Non-hodgkin Lymphoma, Child

Childhood NHL Treatment

Childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma treatment can include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, and high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplant. Learn more in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood NHL Treatment

Childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma treatment can include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, and high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplant. Learn more in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood NHL Treatment

Childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma treatment can include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, and high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplant. Learn more in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood NHL Treatment

Childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma treatment can include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, and high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplant. Learn more in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood NHL Treatment

Childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma treatment can include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, and high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplant. Learn more in this expert-reviewed summary.

Neuroblastoma

Neuroblastoma Treatment

Neuroblastoma treatment may include surgery, observation, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, radioactive iodine, and high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplant and targeted therapy. Treatment also depends on risk category. Learn more in this expert-reviewed summary.

Neuroblastoma Screening

Neuroblastoma screening does reduce the chance of dying from the disease. Not all screening tests are helpful and most have risks. Learn more about neuroblastoma and the potential benefits and harms of screening in this expert-reviewed summary.

Rhabdomyosarcoma, Child

Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma Treatment

Treatment of children with rhabdomyosarcoma often includes chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery. Learn about the signs, tests to diagnose, survival, treatment, and clinical trials for children with rhabdomyosarcoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Child

Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma Treatment

Childhood soft tissue sarcoma treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, observation, targeted therapy, immunotherapy and other medications.  Learn more about the diagnosis and treatment of the many types of childhood soft tissue sarcoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma Treatment

Childhood soft tissue sarcoma treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, observation, targeted therapy, immunotherapy and other medications.  Learn more about the diagnosis and treatment of the many types of childhood soft tissue sarcoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma Treatment

Childhood soft tissue sarcoma treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, observation, targeted therapy, immunotherapy and other medications.  Learn more about the diagnosis and treatment of the many types of childhood soft tissue sarcoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Vascular Tumors Treatment

Childhood vascular tumor treatment depends on the specific type and location, can involve surgery, and may be followed by chemotherapy or radiation. Targeted therapy, immunotherapy, and other medications may be used. Learn more about vascular tumors in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma Treatment

Childhood soft tissue sarcoma treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, observation, targeted therapy, immunotherapy and other medications.  Learn more about the diagnosis and treatment of the many types of childhood soft tissue sarcoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma Treatment

Childhood soft tissue sarcoma treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, observation, targeted therapy, immunotherapy and other medications.  Learn more about the diagnosis and treatment of the many types of childhood soft tissue sarcoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma Treatment

Childhood soft tissue sarcoma treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, observation, targeted therapy, immunotherapy and other medications.  Learn more about the diagnosis and treatment of the many types of childhood soft tissue sarcoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma Treatment

Childhood soft tissue sarcoma treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, observation, targeted therapy, immunotherapy and other medications.  Learn more about the diagnosis and treatment of the many types of childhood soft tissue sarcoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma Treatment

Childhood soft tissue sarcoma treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, observation, targeted therapy, immunotherapy and other medications.  Learn more about the diagnosis and treatment of the many types of childhood soft tissue sarcoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma Treatment

Childhood soft tissue sarcoma treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, observation, targeted therapy, immunotherapy and other medications.  Learn more about the diagnosis and treatment of the many types of childhood soft tissue sarcoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma Treatment

Childhood soft tissue sarcoma treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, observation, targeted therapy, immunotherapy and other medications.  Learn more about the diagnosis and treatment of the many types of childhood soft tissue sarcoma in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Vascular Tumors Treatment

Childhood vascular tumor treatment depends on the specific type and location, can involve surgery, and may be followed by chemotherapy or radiation. Targeted therapy, immunotherapy, and other medications may be used. Learn more about vascular tumors in this expert-reviewed summary.

Wilms Tumor

Wilms & Other Childhood Kidney Tumors Treatment

Wilms tumor and other childhood kidney tumors treatment usually includes surgery and may be followed by radiation therapy or chemotherapy. Other treatments may include immunotherapy or high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell rescue. Learn more in this expert-reviewed summary.