Disease Information

Bladder Cancer

Bladder Cancer Screening

Bladder and other urothelial cancers screening is not done routinely in the general population. Not all screening tests are helpful and most have risks. Learn more about bladder cancer risks and screening in this expert-reviewed summary.

Bladder Cancer Treatment

Treatment of bladder cancer depends on the stage of the cancer. Treatment options include different types of surgery (transurethral resection, radical and partial cystectomy, and urinary diversion), radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy. Learn more about how bladder cancer is treated.

Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumor

Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Extragonadal germ cell tumors treatment depends on the type and can include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and stem cell transplant. Learn more about the diagnosis and treatment of extragonadal germ cell tumors in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors form from germ cells (a type of cell that forms as a fetus develops and later becomes sperm in the testicles or eggs in the ovaries). Learn about the signs, tests to diagnose, and treatment of pediatric germ cell tumors in the brain in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors form from germ cells (a type of cell that forms as a fetus develops and later becomes sperm in the testicles or eggs in the ovaries). Learn about the signs, tests to diagnose, and treatment of pediatric germ cell tumors in the brain in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors form from germ cells (a type of cell that forms as a fetus develops and later becomes sperm in the testicles or eggs in the ovaries). Learn about the signs, tests to diagnose, and treatment of pediatric germ cell tumors in the brain in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors form from germ cells (a type of cell that forms as a fetus develops and later becomes sperm in the testicles or eggs in the ovaries). Learn about the signs, tests to diagnose, and treatment of pediatric germ cell tumors in the brain in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors form from germ cells (a type of cell that forms as a fetus develops and later becomes sperm in the testicles or eggs in the ovaries). Learn about the signs, tests to diagnose, and treatment of pediatric germ cell tumors in the brain in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood CNS Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors form from germ cells (a type of cell that forms as a fetus develops and later becomes sperm in the testicles or eggs in the ovaries). Learn about the signs, tests to diagnose, and treatment of pediatric germ cell tumors in the brain in this expert-reviewed summary.

Kidney Tumor

Renal Cell Cancer Treatment

Renal cell cancer treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, biologic therapy, and targeted therapy. Learn more about the treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent renal cell cancer in this expert-reviewed summary.

Wilms & Other Childhood Kidney Tumors Treatment

Wilms tumor and other childhood kidney tumors treatment usually includes surgery and may be followed by radiation therapy or chemotherapy. Other treatments may include immunotherapy or high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell rescue. Learn more in this expert-reviewed summary.

Wilms & Other Childhood Kidney Tumors Treatment

Wilms tumor and other childhood kidney tumors treatment usually includes surgery and may be followed by radiation therapy or chemotherapy. Other treatments may include immunotherapy or high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell rescue. Learn more in this expert-reviewed summary.

Wilms & Other Childhood Kidney Tumors Treatment

Wilms tumor and other childhood kidney tumors treatment usually includes surgery and may be followed by radiation therapy or chemotherapy. Other treatments may include immunotherapy or high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell rescue. Learn more in this expert-reviewed summary.

Wilms & Other Childhood Kidney Tumors Treatment

Wilms tumor and other childhood kidney tumors treatment usually includes surgery and may be followed by radiation therapy or chemotherapy. Other treatments may include immunotherapy or high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell rescue. Learn more in this expert-reviewed summary.

Testicular Cancer

Testicular Cancer Treatment

Testicular cancer treatment options depend upon tumor characteristics and include surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and observation. Learn more about the treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent testicular cancer in this expert-reviewed summary.

Testicular Cancer Screening

Testicular cancer screening has not been shown to decrease the chance of dying from the disease. It is usually found by men themselves or during a regular physical exam. Learn more about testicular cancer screening in this expert-reviewed summary.

Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood extracranial germ cell tumors treatment options include surgery, observation, and chemotherapy. Learn more about newly diagnosed and recurrent extracranial germ cell tumors in this expert-reviewed summary.

Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor

Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors Treatment

Childhood extracranial germ cell tumors treatment options include surgery, observation, and chemotherapy. Learn more about newly diagnosed and recurrent extracranial germ cell tumors in this expert-reviewed summary.

Treatment of Ovarian Germ Cell Tumors

Surgery is the most common treatment of ovarian germ cell tumor. Types of surgery include hysterectomy and removal of one or both ovaries and fallopian tubes (bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy). Treatment may also include chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Learn about treatment options for ovarian germ cell tumors.

Penile Cancer

Penile Cancer Treatment

Penile cancer is highly curable when found early. Find out about risk factors, symptoms, tests to diagnose, prognosis, staging, and treatment for penile cancer.

Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer Screening

Prostate cancer screening may help detect prostate cancer, but remains controversial as it has not been shown to reduce deaths from prostate cancer. Learn more about prostate cancer screening, including the potential benefits and harms, in this expert-reviewed information summary.

Prostate Cancer Prevention

Prostate cancer prevention approaches include avoiding risk factors when possible, increasing protective factors, and chemoprevention. Learn more about prostate cancer prevention in this expert-reviewed summary.

Prostate Cancer Treatment

Prostate cancer treatment can include active surveillance, surgery, radiation therapy, hormonal therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and supportive care. Learn more about treatment options for prostate cancer in this expert-reviewed summary.

Prostate Cancer, Nutrition, & Supplements

Prostate Cancer, Nutrition, and Dietary Supplements summary discusses the use of nutrition and dietary supplements for preventing or treating prostate cancer. Learn more about the use of complementary therapies for prostate cancer in this expert-reviewed summary.

Renal Pelvis & Ureter Cancer

Transitional Cell Kidney/Ureter Cancer Treatment

Transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter treatment is primarily surgery. In the case that the cancer has spread or come back, chemotherapy is sometimes used.  Learn more about the treatment for these cancers in this expert-reviewed summary.

Urethral Cancer

Urethral Cancer Treatment

Urethral cancer occurs in men and women and can spread quickly to lymph nodes near the urethra. Find out about risk factors, symptoms, tests to diagnose, prognosis, staging, and treatment for urethral cancer.